What is Melasma and how is it treated?
Melanin gives skin its colour. When we sunbathe, UV rays trigger melanocytes (a type of cell) to produce melanin, allowing our bodies to tan. However, sun exposure can sometimes lead to hyperpigmentation – an uneven darkening of the skin. If not caused by UV rays, hyperpigmentation can also occur following acne, blemishes, or eczema, due to the stimulation of melanocytes.
Hyperpigmentation is caused by outside factors affecting the skin. When uneven, dark skin patches appear because of internal changes, we call it Melasma. Melasma is usually seen on the cheeks, nose and upper lip, in an almost symmetrical pattern. It mainly affects darker skin tones and women, often striking during pregnancy. The exact cause of melasma is unknown, but hormonal changes such as taking a new type of medication, and genetic factors may have a part to play.
Laser Treatments for Melasma
Laser therapies have become increasingly popular in treating melasma and hyperpigmentation. Using thermal energy, lasers target problem skin areas and stimulate your body’s natural healing process. Old skin cells are destroyed and replaced, leaving you with fresh, glowing, even skin. Laser treatments target specific areas of the skin, leaving the surrounding tissue unaffected. A course of laser treatments may be needed for optimal results.
To find out more about how to achieve a more even skin tone, contact Dr Firas Al-Niaimi. One of Harley Street’s leading cosmetic dermatologists, Dr Firas is an expert in laser technology. Together, you will create a bespoke treatment plan, uniquely tailored to your skin’s needs. Make your enquiry today.Back to blog